Fascinating Facts About Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla was born July 10, 1856, in the Lika region of the Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia). Tesla earned degrees in physics, mathematics, and mechanical and electrical engineering from the Austrian Polytechnic Institute.
Nikola Tesla was born July 10, 1856, in the Lika region of the Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia).Tesla earned degrees in physics, mathematics, and mechanical and electrical engineering from the Austrian Polytechnic Institute.In 1881, Tesla moved to Budapest, Hungary, to work for the American Telephone Company. It was during his work there that he reportedly invented a telephone amplifier or repeater that some believe was actually the world's first loudspeaker system.In 1882, Tesla moved to Paris to work for the Continental Edison Company, where he developed the induction motor, and began working with rotating magnetic fields.Tesla arrived in the United States in 1884 to work for Thomas Edison's Machine Works Company. One of his first assignments was to completely redesign the company's direct current generators.Edison reportedly agreed to pay Tesla $50,000 if his modifications were successful, but when they were, Edison reneged on his offer and Tesla resigned.In 1886, Tesla founded the Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing Company. Within the first year, Tesla's financial investors disagreed with his plan for an alternating current motor and fired him from the company.In reply to: 1887, Tesla constructed the first brushless alternate-current inductor motor, which he demonstrated to the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (now IEEE).In reply to: 1888, Tesla worked with George Westinghouse at the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company's Pittsburgh labs on the Tesla coil, originally developed for wireless communication and power transmission.At the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, Tesla and Westinghouse introduced AC power by using it to illuminate the building that housed electrical exhibits.In 1895, Tesla generated 1 million AC volts using a conical Tesla coil. Around the same time, Tesla investigated the skin effect in conductors, designed tuned circuits, invented a machine for inducing sleep, and transmitted electromagnetic energy without wires, effectively building the first radio transmitter.Tesla applied for the first basic radio patent in 1897. A year later, he demonstrated a radio controlled boat to the U.S. military.In the early 1890s, Tesla began work on a wireless power transmission facility known as the Wardenclyffe Tower. His $150,000 project was financed in part by J.P. Morgan. The tower's performance didn't meet expectations, and it was eventually dismantled for scrap metal.In 1904, the U.S. Patent Office reversed its decision on the radio patent and awarded it to Guglielmo Marconi. In 1943, shortly after Tesla's death, the U.S. Supreme Court once again upheld his radio patent, in effect making him the inventor of the radio.In the 1910s, Tesla started exhibiting pronounced symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. He became obsessed with the number three, often walking around a building three times before entering, and demanding a stack of three folded cloth napkins beside his place at every meal.In August 1917, Tesla established the principles regarding frequency and power level for the first primitive radar units.Late in his life, Tesla began working on defense projects, including what he claimed was a teleforce weapon or “death ray.” The death ray was supposedly related to his research on ball lightening and plasma.In January 1943, Tesla died of heart failure at the age of 86 in New York. Despite selling his AC electricity patents, Tesla was destitute when he died.
Sources: http://wikipedia.com; www.teslasociety.com